New Delhi Guide
Delhi is a place, which serves as a testament to India’s glorious historical past. As the famous poet Mirza Ghalib once wrote, “The world is the body and Delhi is its soul”. Delhi is indeed the essence of India that reverberates with rich historical significance through its imperial monuments and regal architecture. The richness of Delhi is well reflected in the grand historical monuments through its majestic architectures. If you plan to visit Delhi, then the historical monuments are a must see. The monuments take you down the history and give you a glimpse of its royal heritage. The monuments highlight the dynamism, cultural wealth and rich traditions of Delhi. Doesn’t matter how much you read about these monuments, the majesticity of these repositories cannot be fully described in words. Thus, visiting these monuments is the only way to experience and appreciate the architecture. If you plan to visit Delhi, then exploring this article should help you know more about the monuments to visit.
New Delhi Monuments
Red Fort or the Lal Quila is the largest and the most famous monument of Old Delhi. This fort is one of the extravagant and glorious monuments of the Mughal architecture, erected by the great Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan between 1638 AD and 1648 AD. As per the records, Shah Jahan built this monument with the ambition of empowering the Mughal Emperor. But unfortunately his powers were seized by his son Aurangzeb before he could move his capital from Agra to Delhi. This magnificent fort has two entrances, one is called the Delhi Gate and the other is the Lahore gate. The must see places inside the fort are - Rang Mahal, Mumtaz Mahal, the Hammam, Khas Mahal and Diwan-e Khas. Every year the Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from Red Fort on Independence Day. If you plan a vacation in Delhi, then don’t forget to visit this glorious Mughal architecture for a riveting experience
Jama Masjid, the biggest mosque in India is located near Sadar Bazar in old Delhi. The Masjid was built by Shah Jahan in 1650 and was completed after six years. The outstanding white marble and sandstone Jama Masjid stands on a rocky elevation and looks at you proudly with its magnificent beauty. The main eastern entrance, which was once used by emperor himself, remains close on most of the days. The visitors can enter the mosque both from the northern and southern gates.
Qutub Minar in Delhi is the most spectacular architecture of Mughals and is one of the largest towers in the world. This Mughal structure was initiated by Qutub-ud-din Aibak, the founder of Slave Dynasty in 1192 and was later completed by his son-in-law Iltutmish. The inscription at the base of the minaret tells about the history of Qutub Minar. This exclusive red brick and stone structure is a great example of Indo-Islamic Afghan architecture. Other structures inside the Qutub Minar are Quwwat-ul-Islam, Alai Minar and the tomb of Iltutmish. The manicured garden around the Qutub Minar is the most preferred leisure spot in Delhi. This structure is 15 km to the south of Delhi and the best time to visit this place is between October to March. So don’t be surprised if you see a great number of tourists’ guides wandering near Qutub Minar during winter.
India Gate or The All India War Memorial is a majestic high arch of 42m situated in the middle of Delhi, close to Connaught Place. Built by the British Edwin Lutyens in commemoration of Indian soldiers who sacrificed their life in World War I and the Afghan wars, the foundation for this arc was laid on February 10, 1921 and the gate was completed in 1931. The best time to visit India Gate is during evening, when the mobile vendors attract huge crowds with their typical Indian fast food delights such as bhelpuri, pakodas, fruit chat and other foodstuffs.
Raj Ghat: Gandhi's Memorial in Delhi.
On January 30, 1948, on his way to a prayer meeting, Gandhi was shot dead in Birla House, New Delhi, by Nathuram Godse. Godse was a Hindu radical with links to the extremist Hindu Mahasabha, who held Gandhi responsible for weakening India by insisting upon a payment to Pakistan. Godse and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte The Raj Ghat is the last resting place of the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. The place is not far away from the banks of River Yamuna. Mahatma Gandhi was cremated here on 31st January 1950 following his assassination on 30th January 1950 by Nathu Ram Godse. the memorial stone is a simple square platform made of black stone. The last words uttered by Mahatma "Hey Ram" are inscribed near the black platform. An eternal flame keeps burning in a copper urn in the Raj Ghat
The antiquity of the main market area of Chandni Chowk has rendered it a venerated place in the markets of Delhi. It is said that it was once lined with beautiful fountains. However, with time, it grew as crowded as it is today. Situated opposite the Red Fort, Chandani Chowk houses the Digambar Jain Temple, Fatehpuri Mosque - built by the wives of Shah Jahan - and Sunheri Masjid.
Raja Jai Singh II of Jaipur built Jantar Mantar, the noteworthy astronomical observatory, in the year 1774. Jantar Mantar is an outstanding and inquisitive creation, which has the set of instruments that can graph the lane of universe. The periphery of the building consists of four instruments called the Samrat Yantra, the Ram Yantra, the Jayaprakash, and the Mishra Yantras. The entry to this amazing observatory is free and is open for public from 10 am to 6 pm.
Said to be built on the site of Indraprastha, mentioned in Mahabharata - the great Indian epic, Old Fort has been the seat for administration for many emperors. Now in ruins, this citadel had the glory of being the seat of the legendary ruler, Prithviraj Chauhan. Sher Shah Suri built it after he demolished the Humayun's city, Dinpanah. There are bastions on the corners of the western wall of the fort. The 2-km long ramparts of Purana Quila boast of three double-storied main gates sporting 'chhatris' on top. They can be found in north, south and west.