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Modhera Sun Temple in Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Sun Temple is Hindu pilgrimage site located at Modhera Village of Mehsana district of Gujarat. It is situated on the bank of Pushpavati River. Temple is dedicated to solar deity Surya. The temple was built during the region of Bhima I of Chaulukya dynasty in between 10th and 11th century. No worship is offered now and is protected monument maintained by Archaeological Survey of India.

Modhera Temple is constructed in Maru-Gurjara architecture style and the structure has three monuments :-

Gudhamandapa and garbhagriha - it measures 51 feet 9 inches by 25 feet 8 inches. It is almost equally divided into Gudhamandapa, the hall and garbhgriha, the shrine proper. The shrine is designed in a manner, so that the first rays of the Sun cast on the image of the Lord Surya. The intricate walls of temple represent the Sun God in his 12 different facets of each month.

Sabhamandap - it is the assembly hall or dancing hall is parallelogram in plan with rows of pillars opening entrance on each side diagonally. It houses splendidly carved 52 pillars representing 52 weeks of the year. The beautiful carving of pillars depicts the scenes from the Hindu Epic Ramayan.

Kunda - it is a tank or reservoir named as Ramakunda or Suryakunda used to store pure water. There are four terraces and recessed steps to descend to reach the bottom of the tank.

Modhera temple of Modhera Village is connected from Ahmedabad which is 102 km away and one can reach with the Nearest Airport of Ahmedabad, nearest railway station is Mehsana which is 25 km away from the site.

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